There are a number of regulations that are worth being outlined before starting to short-term rent your property, many of which are specific not only to each province but to each borough. The following article will look at the bylaws in the province of Quebec, and then more specific regulations relating to Quebec City. You can find more information in Airbnb's article surrounding short-term renting in Quebec.
Regulations in the province of Quebec
Before looking at the regulations regarding the city of Quebec, it is important to know the regulations regarding short-term renting in the province of Quebec.
Should I get a certificate of classification to rent out my property short-term?
The certificate of classification gives you the authorization to operate an establishment as a short-term rental unit. There are three cases worth looking at which will decide whether or not you are required to get one:
- If you are wanting to rent out one or many of your residences (outside your primary residence), on a regular basis, for a short period of time (fewer than 31 days), in exchange for money, and you are a moral person, you must get a certificate of classification.
- In the case that you are a person who offers one or many residences for rent that don't belong to you and your residence meets the criteria listed in the aforementioned bullet point, you must also get a certificate of classification.
- If you are renting out your primary residence, you are not required to get a certificate of classification, unless you wish to do so.
A residence is defined by Tourisme Québec as being either a suite, an apartment, a house, a cottage, a site for camping, or a ready-to-camp.
A 'regular basis' is defined as:
- Recurrent (returning, repeating);
- Constant (which has an appearance of being permanent, continuous or stable);
- Habitual (which is constant, frequent).
To obtain a certificate of classification you must also:
- Follow municipal regulations.
- Have a C$ 2 million liability insurance.
- Make your listing public (i.e Airbnb).
- Your establishment must pass an inspection done by the CITQ classifier.
What does the CITQ classifier look at?
- The quality of the different rooms.
- How the latter is conserved and maintained.
- How clean your residence is.
- What services you are offering.
- Certain elements of sustainable tourism (e.g. easy access to public transportation, located near shopping centers, etc).
Even if you are NOT required to hold a classification certificate, you must ensure:
- That it is allowed in your municipality.
- Declare the income generated from rent.
- To charge customers the tax on lodging and pay it to Revenu Québec, just like the GST and the QST, if they apply.
A tax on lodging must be collected every time a unit is rented out for more than 6 hours and is collected on a regular 24-hour basis. It is important to note that Airbnb automatically collects this tax and remits it to Revenu Québec. To learn more, click here.
It is also important to understand and abide by other contracts or rules that bind you, such as leases, condo board or co-op rules, HOA rules, or rules established by tenant organizations. Please read your lease agreement and check with your landlord if applicable.
There are other guidelines that you may have to follow depending on the platform you are using to rent out your residence. In the case of Airbnb's guidelines in Canada regarding safety, respecting neighbours, and others, you may see them by clicking here.
Penalties of up to C$ 50,000 can be given in the case of non-conformity to short-term rental regulations.
Quebec City Regulation
It is important to note that short-term renting is still fairly new. Much of the regulations surrounding short-term renting is still being revised, which is why we still recommend you call your municipality and ask them about the possibility of doing short-term renting.
In certain areas in Quebec City, it is not allowed to have short-term rental properties. In the areas that are allowed, you must obtain a certificate that authorizes the usage of a residence for touristic purposes. To verify whether or not you qualify to get a certificate of classification based on your location, visit the city of Quebec's website.
A map of the various zones where you can rent short-term can be viewed by clicking here.
Between and including sectors 14 and 24:
- A maximum number of 6 units per building can be listed for short-term rental use.
- The change of your residence from a Habitation, as defined in the Règlement d'harmonisation sur l'urbanisme (section 2, Class Habitation), to a touristic residence is not permitted.
In addition, it is only permitted to rent short-term in a residence if it was built before July 18, 2017, or if a building permit was issued on or prior to that date. To view these regulations on Quebec city's website, click here.
Luckey is committed to regularly informing its property owners of any and all changes relating to short-term rental regulations, to make their renting experience as simple and easy as possible.
We recommend that you do your own research as this article isn’t comprehensive, and doesn’t constitute legal or tax advice. Also, as we don’t update this article in real time, please check each source and make sure that the information provided hasn’t recently changed.